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2008年高考英语模拟考试(04)(附答案解析)

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导读: 一、听力第一节听下面五段对话每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。现在你有5...
2008年高考英语模拟考试(04)(附答案解析)

 一、听力

 

第一节  听下面五段对话

每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

现在你有5秒钟的时间阅读第1小题的有关内容。

1. Who does the woman want to talk to?

A. Mr Green.             B. Mr Smith.             C. The man.

2. What is the man’s major?

A. Geography.           B. Biology.                C. english.

3. What does the man advise the woman to do?

A. Go there on foot.   B. Take a bus or a taxi.

C. Take the subway.

4. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In the hospital.      B. In the store.

C. At home.

5. What does the man mean?

A. They don’t have to pay for the magazine.

B. The woman can read the magazine on the train.

C. There is no time to buy a magazine.

第一节到此结束。

 

第二节  听下面五段对话或独白

每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段对话,回答第6至第8三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

6. What’s wrong with the woman?

A. She got a cold.        B. She was hurt by the man.

C. She hurt her foot.

7. Who will take the woman to the hospital?

A. The man.               B. Someone else.

C. The woman herself.

8. How did the woman get to the hospital?

A. By car.                  B. By bus.              C. By taxi.

 

听下面一段对话,回答第9至第11三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

9. Who are talking on the phone?

A. Tony and Mary.

B. Tony and Lucy.

C. Tony and Jim.

10. Who’s just arrived in Beijing?

A. Lucy.                     B. Jim.                         C. Tony.

11. What’s Mary doing when the phone rings?

A. Having a test.          B. Speaking to Jim.        C. Working on math.

 

听下面一段对话,回答第12至第14三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

12. Where does the dialogue take place?

A. In a restaurant.        B. In a store.               C. In a baker’s.

13. What’s the woman?

A. A housewife.           B. A waitress.              C. A saleswoman.

14. What does the man want to have? He wants to have _______.

A. breakfast                B. lunch                      C. dinner

 

听下面一段对话,回答第15至第17三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

15. Where does the woman live?

A. 21 Central Avenue, Oceanside, Long Island, New York.

B. 35 Central Avenue, Oceanside, Long Island, New York.

C. 19 Central Avenue, Oceanside, Long Island, New York.

16. How old is the woman?

A. 39.                         B. 19.                          C. 65.

17. Which statement is true?

A. The woman is a single mother with two kids.

B. The woman is a married mother with one boy.

C. The woman is a married mother with two kids.

 

听下面一段独白,回答第18至第20三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个题。

18. Stamp-collecting began in _______.

A. 1921                     B. 1854                         C. 1941

19. In some countries _______.

A. only men and children collect stamps

B. more and more stamp-collecting schools are set up

C. people can learn how to collect stamps in school

20. Why do many children like to collect stamps?

A. Because every stamp has a famous person’s head on it.

B. Because every stamp has an important place on it.

C. The speech has not told us much about that.

第二节到此结束。

  

二、单项填空

21. —Would you do me the favor to carry the box for me?

_________.

A. Not at all                B. Never mind               C. With pleasure          D. Yes, it’s really sorry

22. _________ in or out, he always closes all the windows.

A. Either                     B. Neither                     C. Whether                   D. Both

23. He’ll attend the meeting _________ in Beijing next month.

A. held                        B. to be held                 C. holding                     D. hold

24. The headmaster asked his students what they _________ themselves on Saturday.

A. did with                 B. dealt with                  C. made up                    D. took up

25. Such _________ fine weather is _________ unusual chance for us all to go for a picnic.

A. a; an                      B. the; an                      C. a; the                        D. /an

26. There was a _________ talk between Korea and The US last week.

A. friend                     B. friendly                    C. friendship                  D. friendless

27. It’s too late to go to the cinema now. _________, it’s starting to rain.

A. Besides                  B. However                   C. Meanwhile                 D. Anyhow

28. —Why don’t you go home?

—I’ll do so when I _________ my homework.

A. shall finish              B. will finish                  C. have finished             D. finished

29. My class teacher as well as other teachers _________ very kind to me.

A. are                         B. is                             C. do                             D. does

30. In front of my house _________ to the sea.

A. a river lies              B. a river lie                   C. lie a river                    D. lies a river

31. —The man in the photo is just like your brother.

—Well, it’s _________.

A. a photo of my brother                                  B. a photo of my brother’s

C. one of my brother                                       D. of my brother

32. —Have you any trouble finding your way in Shanghai?

—Yes, I tried to find my way to the airport but _________.

A. has been lost             B. get lost                   C. lost                            D. got lost

33. Today, many polluted rivers _________ cleaner and cleaner.

A. became                    B. are becoming           C. have become               D. become

34. Was it when he was a young man _________ he joined the army?

A. who                        B. what                        C. that                            D. and

35. —Sorry, I can’t go to your party.

—What can _________ you _________ doing that?

A. keep; /                     B. protect; from            C. pretend; from             D. prevent; from

 

三、完形填空

Professional sports are very popular in the United States and they are big business. The most popular sports are basketball, football and baseball. ___36___ has its own season. And ___37___ supporters. Professional teams are named for the cities ___38___ they are located. When a team plays in a championship game, most people in the city ___39___ the game with interest and enthusiasm. Basketball is ___40___ around the world. Professional basketball games in the US ___41___ indoors during winter months. From November to April ___42___ can find a professional basketball game several nights a week in most large ___43___ cities. Basketball is an American sport. It ___44___ the national pastime.

The game is played in the evening ___45___ every night of the week and ___46___ weekends as well. The season begins in April and ___47___ in the October. Football ___48___ most popular professional sport in the US. It is played on sundays ___49___ the fall from August to January. American football is different ___50___ international football, ___51___ Americans called soccer. Both games require ___52___ and specialized skills. Professional players are very ___53___. The most famous players ___54___ millions of dollars for their playing skill. American best players have higher ___55___ than the country’s president.

36. A. Every                   B. both                     C. Each                        D. All

37. A. million                 B. millions                  C. million of                 D. millions of

38. A. when                   B. where                    C. who                        D. whose

39. A. follow                  B. walk                      C. run                          D. jump

40. A. well-known          B. well                       C. known                     D. fame

41. A. played                  B. is played                C. plays                        D. are played

42. A. somebody            B. one                        C. anyone                     D. everybody

43. A. America               B. England                  C. American                 D. English

44. A. was called            B. has been called        C. is called                   D. be called

45. A. nearly                  B. close                      C. closely                     D. near

46. A. at                        B. in                           C. on                           D. during

47. A. finish                   B. finishing                 C. finished                    D. finishes

48. A. became                B. is become               C. is becoming              D. has become

49. A. during                  B. while                      C. on                           D. at

50. A. of                        B. from                       C. with                        D. about

51. A. when                   B. that                         C. where                     D. which

52. A. strong                  B. strength                   C. strengthen               D. stronger

53. A. well pay               B. good pay                  C. well paid                 D. good paid

54. A. make                    B. had                         C. got                         D. received

55. A. money                  B. salaries                    C. pay                        D. wage

  

四、阅读理解

                                                                              A

It is not unusual to see your desk-mate yawn (打呵欠) as he complains that he didn't have a good sleep the night before. Many teens don't get enough sleep because they have too much homework, which keeps them up at night. Some teens cannot sleep at night even when they want to.

Studies show that during your teenage years, the body's biological clock is reset, telling you to sleep later at night and wake up later in the morning.

But changes in the body clock aren't the only reason teens lose sleep. Lots of people have insomnia (失眠). The most common cause of insomnia is stress. But all sorts of things can lead to insomnia. These include physical discomfort, emotional troubles and even sleeping environment. It's common for everyone to have insomnia from time to time. But if it lasts for a month or more go and see a doctor.

Some people have a condition that causes stomach acid () to move backward towards the chest. This produces the uncomfortable, burning feeling called heartburn. So even if the person doesn't notice the feelings of heartburn because he is sleeping, he may feel tired the next day.

Most teens have nightmares sometimes. But, if they are frequent, a person's sleep pattern can be seriously affected. The most common cause of nightmares is emotional problems, such as stress (压力) or anxiety. If you have them a lot, it's a good idea to talk to a doctor.

Doctors encourage teens to make lifestyle changes to develop good sleeping habits. You probably know that coffee can keep you awake, but did you know that playing video games or watching TV does the same?

56. The main idea of the first paragraph is ________.

A. There is a problem that teenagers can’t get enough sleep.

B. Sleeping problems have different causes.

C. Yawning is a good way to get rid of sleep.

D. Teenagers care too much for homework.

57. The Teenagers’ biological clock ________.

A. easily makes teenagers lead to insomnia

B. is the origin of their insomnia

C. provides them with plenty of time at night

D. is helpful to improve their concentration(注意力)

58. What does the writer say about “nightmares”?

A. It is nothing and shouldn’t be taken seriously.

B. It can release their stress or anxiety.

C. Emotional problems are the only way to form nightmares.

D. People will suffer from sleep if frequent.

59. Which way can help to get rid of insomnia?

A. Drinking some coffee before going to bed.

B. Playing video game or watching TV from time to time.

C. Turning to a doctor for help.

D. Eating much medicine for insomnia.

 

                                                                              B

Russian tradition orders that men should kiss each other three times on the cheeks at official functions. Now, a new ruling in Moscow is calling for politicians in the capital to stick to the old handshake. according to Britain's The Telegraph newspaper, politicians in Moscow have been told to stop kissing each other when they meet because the “kissing ceremony” takes so long.

Leonid Brezhnev, the general secretary of the Communist Party from 1964 to 1982, was famous for treating male colleagues to a full lip-lock. One photograph of him kissing Erich Honecker, the leader of the Democratic Republic of Germany, was used for a protest painting on the Berlin Wall with the caption: "Oh, God, help me survive this deadly love".

Kissing three times on the cheeks at official occasions is a Russian tradition. The practice has been revived among high-ranking officials in past years. In the distant past, a kiss from the tsar (emperor) was the highest sign of recognition. The Moscow ruling, however, has prompted authorities in other cities to consider banning the practice.

Alexei Kleshko, a parliament member in Siberia, said: “Single-sex kisses should be avoided, including at official meetings. It's enough to shake hands. Of course, if one is talking about a long friendship or fatherly relations, it might be OK to embrace. But that's the maximum that should be allowed.”

Another MP Vladimir Gorlov, said he only allowed himself to kiss the hand of a woman at work: "There are informal relations and there are meetings governed by protocol," he said. “When a man is kissing another man at an official event, I have a negative attitude towards it. There are rules of decency. "

60. Moscow is calling for politicians to stick to handshake because ________.

A. it is popular at home and abroad

B. it is their tradition

C. it saves time

D. Russian women have a strong love of it

61. By mentioning Brezhnev, the author ________.

A. wants to show his respect to Brezhner

B. admires Brezhnev for his skills at kissing

C. just shows the media made fun of pictures of politicians kissing

D. praises Brezhnev’s good relation with Honecker

62. If the tsar kissed a Russian woman, she would feel ________.

A. nervous                   B. proud                     C. shameful                   D. curious

63. We can infer from the last two paragraphs that ________.

A. Kleshko is strongly against any kind of kiss

B. Kleshko is a man out of date

C. Gorlove shares the same view with Kleshko is single-sex kisses

D. Gorlove won’t kiss any man in any form

  

                                                                                    C

Have you ever dreamed of visiting a planet in the Milk Way? While the trip sounds exciting, it would take years and years to reach your destination. So in the future, bedtime for astronauts may be more than a few hours of regular shut-eye. They would have to sleep for years.

European researchers are now conducting hibernation experiments. The study may help them understand whether humans could ever sleep through the years it would take for a space flight to distant planets. "If there was an effective technology, it could make deep-space travel a reality," said Mark Ayre of the European Space Agency last month.

What seems like science fiction is not completely unlikely. Researchers have been able to use chemicals to put living cells into a sleep-like state where they don't age. They have now moved on to small, non-hibernating mammals like rats. The results will be out by the end of 2004.

A major challenge is the fact that cells can be very simple systems, whereas body organs are far more complex.

"It's like moving from a simple Apple computer to a supercomputer," said Marco Biggiogera, a hibernation researcher at Italy's University of Pavia.

Just like bears and frogs, the hibernation of human beings would cause a person's metabolism (新陈代谢) to lower so they would need less energy.

Medical research, however, is just half of a space flight hibernation system.

There is the challenge of designing a suitable protective shelter. Such a shelter would provide the proper environment for hibernation, such as the proper temperature. It would also have to monitor (监控) life functions and serve the physiological needs of the hibernator.

according to Ayre, the six-person Human Outer Planets Exploration Mission to Jupiter's moon (木星的卫星) Callisto, could be an opportunity to use human hibernation. The mission aims to send six humans on a five-year flight to Callisto, where they will spend 30 days, in 2045.

64. European researchers are conducting hibernation experiments to ________.

A. ensure astronauts to get a complete sleep

B. find the secret of some creatures

C. make preparations for the journey to Jupiter’s moon Callisto

D. know if man can sleep for years

65. The sentence “What seems like science fiction is not completely unlikely” means ________.

A. Science fiction is people’s imagination.

B. Science fiction is imaginative, but it can be realized.

C. Things seem impossible may come true.

D. Things described in science fiction are sure to become true.

66. The passage is implied but doesn’t states that ________.

A. putting living cells into a sleep-like state is full of failure

B. Biggiogera is confident with the experiment

C. human’s hibernation needs no energy

D. medical research is the key to space flight hibernation system

67. By designing a suitable protective shelter, astronauts can ________.

A. have a good hibernation

B. lessen the pressure of traveling in space

C. feed themselves in spaceship

D. moinitor their body changes

68. What’s the best title for the passage?

A. Six humans to fly to Callisto

B. Human hibernation improves health

C. Space travel attracts people

D. Deep sleep for deep space travel

 

                                                                                          D

To Chinese immigrants, in the mid-1800s, California was “The Land of the Golden Mountain.” In their homeland they had heard the words, “There’s gold in California.” They sailed 7,000miles to join the gold rush and strike it rich. Between 1849 and 1882, more than 30,000 Chinese came to California. Most were men. They had been farmers in China. They came here to be miners and laborers. They ended up doing many other jobs, too.

Like many other immigrants, they did not plan to stay in America. They came because of their ties to their homeland and their families. They planned to return to China with their fortunes and help their families.

Only a few Chinese gold miners struck it rich. Most picked over the areas that had been mined already. But still, white miners resented the Chinese. Slowly, they drove the “yellow peril” from the mining camps.

By the end of the 1850s, many Chinese returned home. Those who stayed found other jobs.

Few women had come west in the gold rush. The Chinese saw a good business opportunity. They began doing the jobs women would have done. Many became house servants. Many more opened laundries.

The Chinese opened restaurants. Chop suey and show mein are popular Chinese-American dishes. The Chinese probably created these dishes to serve to the white miners.

Other Chinese became fishermen, farmers, and even cigar makers.

69. Why did Chinese go to America in the mid-1800s?

A. Because they could find good jobs there.

B. Because they had found gold there.

C. Because they could open laundries and restaurants there.

D. Because they heard there was gold there.

70. The underlined word “resented” mean “________”.

A. liked                        B. helped                     C. hated                    D. served

71. Which should be the title of the passage?

A. Early Chinese immigrants in America

B. Dream to strike it rich

C. The difference between men and women

D. Gold miners in America

  

                                                                           E

The first breath-taking pictures of the Earth taken from space showed it as a solid ball covered by brown land masses and blue-green oceans. We had never seen the Earth from that distance before. To us, it appeared as though the Earth had always looked that way and always would. Scientists now know, however, that the surface of the Earth is not as permanent as we had thought.

Scientists explain that the surface of our planet is always moving. Continents moves about the Earth like huge ships at sea. They float on pieces of the Earth’s outer skin. New outer skin is created as melted rock pushed up from below the ocean floor. Old outer skin is destroyed as it rolls down into the hot area and melts again.

Only since the 1960s have scientists really began to understand that the planet Earth is a great living machine. Some experts have said this new understanding is one of the most important revolutions in scientific thought. The revolution is based on the work of scientists who study the movement of the continents—a science called plate tectonics.

The modern story of plate tectonics begins with the German scientist Alfred Wegener. Before World War One, Wegener argued that the continents had moved and were still moving. He said the idea first occurred to him when he observed that the coastlines of South America and Africa could fit together like two pieces of a puzzle. He proposed that the two continents might have been one and then split apart.

Wegener was not the first person to wonder about the shape of the continents. About 500 years ago, explorers thought about it when they made the first maps of Americas. The explorers noted the east coast of North America and South America would fit almost exactly into the west coast of Europe and south Africa. What the explorers did not do, but Wegener did, was to investigate the idea that the continents move.

72. What does the writer mainly tell us in the passage?

A. The first breath-taking pictures of the Earth taken from space.

B. Human’s recognition of the earth’s surface.

C. The German scientist Alfred Wegener.

D. The early explorers’ discovery.

73. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A. We didn’t see the Earth from far away until we saw the picture taken in the space.

B. Our ancient thought that the surface of the earth is still.

C. Alfred Wegener was not the first person to investigate the idea that the continents move.

D. The coastline of India and Africa fit together.

74. The last word of the third paragraph “tectonics” mean “________”.

A. study of construction                           B. study of architecture          

C. earth surface                                       D. structural geology

75. What did the explorers find?

A. The coastlines of South America and Africa could fit together.

B. The coastlines of North America and Africa could fit together.

C. The east coastlines of North America and the west coast of Europe could fit together.

D. The coastlines of North America and India could fit together.

 

五、短文改错

I think a good student may has a lot of qualities,                      76.___________

and the following three are the basic ones. They                      77.___________

are diligence, intelligence and confidence. Take                        78.___________

Tom for an example, he is one of the best students                  79.___________

in class and serves as our monitor. Although                           80.___________

he is clever and learn fast, he is not lazy. Unlike                       81.___________

some other student who study well in the same                        82.___________

class, he reads a great many of science books.                        83.___________

These students are as hardworking as Tom                            84.___________

and they don't have an equal rich knowledge.                          85.___________

  

五、书面表达

某校校办工厂自行设计生产了一种新型时尚雨伞,请根据下表内容为该品牌的雨伞写一段100词左右的广告语刊登在某英语学习报上:

品牌名称

金天雨伞

产品特点

1. 品种多样,男女皆宜。

2. 质量上乘,价格合理。

 

    明

 

1. 购买后若发现任何质量问题或不满意,一个星期内包退,一个月之内包换。

2. 两年之内厂家免费维修(邮寄费用自理)。

广 告 语

购买金天雨伞,享受精彩生活。

注意:1. 词数100左右。2. 可根据内容要点适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

 

 英语学习资料

2008年高考英语模拟考试·答案与解析

 

一、听力答案

1—5 BAABC    6—10 CBAAB   11—15 CABCB   16—20 ACBCC

附:录音原文

第一节  听下面五段对话

每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

现在你有5秒钟的时间阅读第1小题的有关内容。

(Text 1)

W: I’d like to talk to Mr Smith.

M: He’s not here, but Mr Green is.

 

(Text 2)

M: You know, I will be a teacher for geography.

W: I thought your major was biology.

 

(Text 3)

W: How can I get to the shopping center from here?

M: You can take a bus or a taxi, but it isn’t too far to walk.

 

(Text 4)

M: Excuse me, I am looking for the furniture, do you know where they are?

W: Yes, they are on the fifth floor.

 

(Text 5)

W: I have got time to buy a magazine, haven’t I?

M: The train is about to leave.

第一节到此结束。

 

  

第二节  听下面五段对话或独白

每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段对话,回答第6至第8三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

(Text 6)

M: What’s the matter with your foot?

W: I fell down the steps just now.

M: Let me have a look.

W: Ouch, that hurts.

M: Would you like me to take you to the hospital? You might have broken a bone.

W: It’s very kind of you. But someone is getting a car for me. Thank you all the same.

 

听下面一段对话,回答第9至第11三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

(Text 7)

M: Hello, can I speak to Mary, please?

W: It’s Mary speaking. Who is that, please?

M: Hello, Mary, this is Tony. Excuse me for ringing you so late in the evening, but I’ve just got back from Guangzhou.

W: It doesn’t matter.

M: I hear Jim’s come to Beijing with Dick for his holiday. Shall we go and see him right now?

W: Oh, sorry. I’m afraid I can’t now. Tomorrow morning we’ll have a math test. I’ll have to prepare for it. What about tomorrow evening?

M: Oh! What a pity. Then I’ll go first myself.

W: I’m sorry. Tony. Do give my regards to him please.

M: Of course.

 

听下面一段对话,回答第12至第14三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

(Text 8)

W: May I take your order, sir?

M: I haven’t seen a menu yet. May I have one?

W: I’m sorry. Here is one, sir.

M: There are so many different dishes listed that it is hard to decide.

W: The regular dinners are on the right hand page.

M: I’ll have one. I’m pretty hungry.

W: Yes, sir. The regular dinner includes rice, chicken, fish, soup, some kind of vegetable, choice of tea or juice.

M: OK. A regular dinner and some tea, please.

W: All right. You’ll have your dinner soon.

M: Thank you.

 

听下面一段对话,回答第15至第17三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

(Text 9)

M: Come in, Mrs Wood.

W: Thank you.

M: Sit down, please. Now where’s that form? Oh, here it is. Just a few routine questions. What’s your full name?

W: Doris Wood.

M: And your address? 

W: 35 Central Avenue, Oceanside, Long Island, New York.

M: Date of birth?

W: October twenty-first, nineteen sixty-five.

M: Are you married or single?

W: I’m married.

M: Do you have any children?

W: Yes. Two boys.

 

  

听下面一段独白,回答第18至第20三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个题。

(Text 10)

Many children like to collect stamps. Stamp-collecting didn’t start until 1854. As time passes, there are more and more stamp-collectors. Not only children but also men and women collect stamps. In 1921, America began selling stamps to collectors. In some countries, there are even lessons on stamp-collecting in school. People are becoming more and more interested in stamps. Every picture on a stamp has meaning behind it. It may be the head of a famous person or an important place. Each stamp tells us a story.

第二节到此结束。

 

二、单项填空

21. C当对方向你求助时,表示肯定的回答有: “I’m glad to”“Why, of course”“With (great) pleasure” 等。

22.C 弄清题意是解答此题的关键:无论是在家还是不在家,他总是关着窗户。答案非C莫属。

23. B空缺处的非谓语动词应该是既表示被动,又表示将来,所以答案只能选B

24. Ado with 常与what连用,deal with则常与 how连用。

25. Dweather 是不可数名词,而chance是可数名词,unusual读音的第一个音标是元音音素[Λ],所以之前要用不定冠词an

26. B少数名词后加 –ly 构成形容词,并非副词。如:fatherly, motherly, brotherly, comradely 等。

27. A从题干结构看,空缺处填入 however 也可,但从题干意思看,后面句子很明显是对句子意思的递进,所以答案选 A,而不选 B

28. C空缺处前面的主句是一般将来时态,when 引导的时间状语从句要用一般现在时代替一般将来时。此处用现在完成时表示将来完成时的意义。

29. B题干的主语是 my class teacher, as well as other teachers 是修饰语。

30. D当地点状语位于句首时,句子要部分倒装。

31.从题意看,照片上的人就是我弟弟本人,所以答案选 A

32. Dbut 前面的分句是过去时态,那么 but 分句也肯定要用过去时态,而且是被动语态,排除 AB 项,get 型被动语态常带有不愉快、不顺利的意味,答案自然凸现。

33. B从题意看,许多被污染了的河流变得越来越干净应该是表渐进的状态,所以要用进行时态。

34. C如果把题干还原成一个陈述句,强调句句型一目了然,被强调部分是when he was a young man

35. D题干第2句话的意思是:什么阻止你不能参加我的晚会?阻止…………”,英语表达是 prevent… from doing sth

  

三、完形填空

36. C。前面提到footballbasketball两种体育活动,此句指每项活动都有自己的季节。Every不能作主语,botheachall均能作句子的主语,但只有each表示单数意义。

37. Dmillions of 后接可数名词复数,其余选项不可与名词复数连用。

38. B。由where(= in the cities)引导定语从句,从句意为:这些职业球队所在的城市。

39. Afollow 意为注视、注意、倾听,此处指多数城市里的人们带着兴趣和热情观看球赛。

40. Awell-known 意为出名的,句意为:篮球闻名于全世界。

41. Dplay 意为进行比赛。此句意为:在冬天的几个月里,美国职业球赛在室内进行,表示现阶段的情况。选A时态不符,选C主谓数不一致。

42. Bone 泛指某个人。

43. C。上下文均提到American

44. B。此处宜用现在完成时,表示从过去到现在一直称篮球为国民消遣活动。

45. A。根据四个选项,只有nearly(几乎)可用于句中,表示几乎每个晚上。

46. Cweekend 前面用介词on

47. D。此句意为:季节开始(begins)于四月,结束(finishes)于十月。这是由and并列两个谓语动词,形式上用一致。

48. D。此处宜用现在完成时表示从过去到现在足球都是十分流行的职业体育活动。

49. A。在秋季,可用in the fallduring the fall

50. Bbe different from 意为不同

51. D。非限制性定语从句应由which(= football)引导,不用that

52. B。篮球和足球都需要体力(strength)和技能(skills)

53. C。由下文可知:职业运动员所得薪水很高,故选well paid

54. Amake 意为获得、挣得

55. Bpay 意为工资,普通用词。wage 意为工资指发给从事体力劳动者的工钱。salary 意为薪金,指发给做比较重要工作的、具有较高技术或从事脑力劳动的人员的工作,如公司职员、秘书、教师官员等,总统(president)属官员,故要选salary

 

四、阅读理解

56. A。第一段主要说的是青少年睡眠不足的原因,如作业多或想睡但是睡不着。

57. A。由句子But changes in the body clock aren't the only reason teens lose sleep. 可知生物钟的变化能导致失眠

58. D。由句子if they are frequent, a person's sleep pattern can be seriously affected. 可知经常做梦,睡眠会受到影响

59. C。由句子Doctors encourage teens to make lifestyle changes to develop good sleeping habits可知。

60. C。由句子because the “kissing ceremony” takes so long可知。

61. C。根据“Oh, God, help me survive this deadly love”可知“Honecter厌烦这一礼节,所以认为C项比较恰当。

62. B。由句子In the distant past, a kiss from the tsar (emperor) was the highest sign of recognition. 可知人们的看法。

63. CKleshko认为“Single-sex kisses should be avoided, including at official meetings. ”Gorlov “When a man is kissing another man at an official event, I have a negative attitude towards it. ”,可知他们两人持相同的观点

64. D。由句子The study may help them understand whether humans could ever sleep through the years it would take for a spaceflight to distant planets. 可知。

65. C。本句话意思是看起来像科幻小说的事情并非完全不可能

66. B。其话语的意思是这就像把简单的苹果电脑变成超级电脑一样,可以推测只是一个时间问题,其过程可能复杂一些,但是可能性是存在的。

67. A。由句子Such a shelter would provide the proper environment for hibernation可知。

68. D。文章主要围绕为打发星际探索中的漫漫旅途,人类开始进行冬眠技术的研究。所以认为D项比较全面地概括了文章意思。

69. D事实细节题。根据短文第 1 段的第 2 In their homeland they had heard the words, “There’s gold in California.” 可知,他们是因为听说California 有金子才去美国的,因此答案为 D

70. C词义猜测题。根据下文的 Slowly, they drove the “yellow peril” from the mining camps 可知答案为 C

  

71. A主旨大意题。根据文章第 1 段的第 1 及全文的内容可知答案为A

72. B主旨大意题。根据文章第 1 段最后一句中的 however 及全文内容可知,文章主要谈论人类对地壳表面的形成的认识。故答案选 B

73. A推理判断题。根据文章第 1 段的第 12 句可知,人们直到看到从太空对地球所拍的照片后才知道从远方看地球的情形。故答案选 A

74. D词义猜测题。根据其所在的句子 who study the movement of the continents—a science called plate… 及地理常识可知答案选 D

75. C事实细节题。根据文章最后一段中的 The explorers noted the east coast of North America and South America would fit almost exactly into the west coast of Europe and south Africa 及倒数第 2 段中的 the coastlines of South America and Africa could fit together like two pieces of a puzzle 可知答案应该选 C

 

五、短文改错

76. has 改为have。在情态动词后,用动词原形。

77. and改为but。前后有转折之意。

78. 此行无错。

79. for改为as。表示……为例take...as an example

80. class前加our。由后文可知此处应是在我们班里,而不是在课堂上(in class)”

81. learn改为learns。一般现在时,且主语是第三人称单数he

82. student改为students。前面的some和后面的study都说明 student要用复数。

83. 去掉of。因为a great many(许多)后直接接名词。

84. are后加not。根据前后逻辑来判断。

85. equal改为equally。修饰形容词(rich)该用副词。

 

六、书面表达

Jintian Umbrella, which is designed and produced by a school factory, is a nice and fashionable umbrella. Not only is it of good quality but also the price is very reasonable. Jintian Umbrella is fit for both men and women and there are many kinds to choose from.

If you are not satisfied with it or just don’t like it after you buy it, you can return it in a week or exchange it for another one in a month. If there is anything wrong with it in two years, the factory will repair it for you for free if you pay the postage.

Buy Jintian Umbrellas, enjoy excellent lives.

 

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