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二. 推理判断题

标签:根据 创造 我们 加强 时间:2013-05-24  来源:阅读训练
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导读: 二.推理判断题  既要求学生透过文章表面文字信息推测文章隐含意思,又要求学生对作者的态度、意图及文章细节的发展作正确的推理判断,力求从作者的角度去考虑,不要固守自己的看法或观点。这类试题常以如下句式发问:  W...
二. 推理判断题

 二. 推理判断题

  既要求学生透过文章表面文字信息推测文章隐含意思,又要求学生对作者的态度、意图及文章细节的发展作正确的推理判断,力求从作者的角度去考虑,不要固守自己的看法或观点。这类试题常以如下句式发问:

  What can you conclude(下结论)from this passage?

  What's the author's attitude(态度)towards...?

  We can infer from the passage that...

  Which statement is ( not ) true?

  做这类题要求考生在阅读同时,抓住文章的主题和细节,分析文章结构,根据上下文内在联系,挖掘文章的深层含义。其次,对于暗含在文章中的人物的行为动机、事件中的因果关系及作者未言明的倾向、意图、态度、观点等要进行合乎逻辑的判断、推理、分析,进一步加强理解,抓住实质性的东西。如:

  once there was something wrong with a machine in a factory. The workers could do nothing but turn to a German engineer for help, who drew a line on it and said, "Take off the part where the line is and change it for a new one."The machine, with a new line on, began running well again. The engineer then asked for $ 30,000 for what he had done. The following were what he wrote on a bill, "The new part only costs one dollar, and knowing where the problem with the machine is costs $ 29,999."

  ( )What can you conclude from this passage?

  A. the engineer asked for too much money

  B. the workers should pay the money

  C. the knowledge is worth money

  D. the new part could cost more

  这篇短文是作者讲的一个故事,那么通过这个故事我们可以判断出什么呢?虽然作者没有言明,但是我们可以断定,发现问题的所在需要智慧和知识,知识是创造价值的源泉,因此此题的正确答案应为C。