The aim of the teacher is to get his pupils as quickly as possible over the period in which each printed symbol (符号) is looked at for its shape and to arrive at the stage when the pupil looks at words and phrases, for their meaning, almost without noticing the shapes of the separate letters.
When a good reader is at work, he does not look at letters, nor even at words, one by one, however quickly; he takes in the meaning of two, three, or four words at a time, in a single moment. Watch carefully the eyes of a person who is reading, and it will be seen that they do not travel smoothly along the lines of print, but they move by jumps separated by very short stops. The eyes of a very good reader move quickly, taking long jumps and making very short halts (停顿); the eyes of a poor reader move more slowly, taking only short jumps and stopping longer at each halt. Sometimes, when he meets a difficulty, he even goes backwards to see again what has already been looked at once.
The teacher’s task is therefore clear: It is to train his pupils to take in several words at a glance (one eye-jump) and to remove the necessity for going backwards to read something a second time.
This shows at once that letter-by-better, or syllable-by-syllable (音节), or word-by-word reading, with the finger pointing to the word, carefully fixing each one in turn is wrong. It is wrong because such a method ties the pupil’s eyes down to a very short jump. Moreover, a very short jump is too short to provide any meaning or sense; and it will be bound (束缚) that having struggled with three or four words separately, the pupil has to look at them again, all together and in one group, in order to get the meaning of the whole phrase.
9. One may have to read something a second time if ______.
A. the passage is very long B. one reads word by word
C. there is enough time D. one reads too fast
10. Which of the following is FALSE according to the passage?
A. The eyes of a bad reader take only short jumps.
B. The eyes of a good reader move steadily.
C. The eyes of a good reader make. short halts and long jumps.
D. The eyes of a bad reader take in the meaning of one word at a time.
11. The main idea of the last paragraph is that ______.
A. pupils have to move their eyes back and forth when reading
B. finger-pointing in reading helps the pupil pay close attention to meaning
C. word-by-word reading is highly ineffective
D. the pupil’s eyes should focus (聚集) on groups of syllables instead of single syllables
12. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the first paragraph?
A. Teachers should help their pupils avoid looking at the shape of the printed symbols.
B. Teachers should tell their pupils the different stages of their study.
C. Pupils should be trained to reach quickly the stage of reading without having to give close attention to the separate symbols.
D. Pupils should look at each printed symbol for its meaning as well as for its shape.
9. B 推断题。由倒数第二段中的and to remove the necessity for going backwards to read something a second time可以看出，由于读的过程中过于注重单词个体，而忽略了对整体意思的掌握，由此造成文意理解不畅，所以还需要再读一遍。故选B。
10. B 细节题。从文章中我们可以看出a good reader的眼睛jumps是很“快的”，而不是steadily“固定的，不变的”。
11. C 主旨题。文章说明了word-to-word的阅读方法是最没有效果的一种阅读方法。
12. C 主旨题。第一段主要说明了老师的任务，让学生从识记有形的字母发展到对于句子意思的正确理解上。这也就表明了学生在阅读的时候不能为单个的文字符号所束缚，而应该从整体上去理解和把握文意。